Spanning Canada and the United States, North America is home to a plethora of major industry players, including Exxon Mobil Corp, the world's second-largest publicly traded company after Royal Dutch Shell. The region's oil and natural gas industry is focused on developing oil sands, deepwater gulf prospects and increasingly profitable shale deposits stretching across the continent. One of the premier sweet spots for deepwater exploration, the Gulf of Mexico is the largest body of water indenting the U.S. continental coastline, and its subsea developments continue to spark both national and international interest.
Port Operations involves controlling the safe navigation of vessels in and out of the port, including allocating a suitable berth and applying any necessary restrictions. The person in charge of a port will usually be the Harbour Master. Since a seaport, or harbour, straddles land and sea both maritime law and the law of the land apply to ports and is the responsibility of the Harbour Master to ensure that both are adhered to.