Spanning Canada and the United States, North America is home to a plethora of major industry players, including Exxon Mobil Corp, the world's second-largest publicly traded company after Royal Dutch Shell. The region's oil and natural gas industry is focused on developing oil sands, deepwater gulf prospects and increasingly profitable shale deposits stretching across the continent. One of the premier sweet spots for deepwater exploration, the Gulf of Mexico is the largest body of water indenting the U.S. continental coastline, and its subsea developments continue to spark both national and international interest.
Fabrication is the process of cutting, bending and assembling to build metal structures such as platform jackets and topside modules. There are many different methods used in fabrication including sawing, shearing, chiselling, hammering, riveting, welding and binding. There is also some overlap between fabrication and other metal work disciplines such as machinists, millwrights and boilermakers.