Harvesting an abundance of oil and natural gas resources, the Middle East supplies nearly half of all exports to the global oil market. Middle Eastern countries Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are all members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which pumps roughly 40% of the world's oil, with Saudi Arabia leading the pack for the greatest amount of output. OPEC's crude oil production was 28.7 million barrels per day in the first half of 2009.
Port Operations involves controlling the safe navigation of vessels in and out of the port, including allocating a suitable berth and applying any necessary restrictions. The person in charge of a port will usually be the Harbour Master. Since a seaport, or harbour, straddles land and sea both maritime law and the law of the land apply to ports and is the responsibility of the Harbour Master to ensure that both are adhered to.