Abundant energy resources are available in East and South East Asia. Major energy producing countries in the region include China, Malaysia and former OPEC member Indonesia, while Myanmar may potentially join the producing group following the end of military rule and the opening of the nation's petroleum sector to more foreign investments. Brunei, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam have an estimated 31.4 billion barrels of proven oil reserves and 309.5 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves as of 2013.
Umbilicals serve as the lifeline to subsea equipment by transferring power, chemicals, communications and more through an assembly of steel tubes and hoses. Risers serve as a connection between subsea field developments and production or drilling facilities by transferring produced fluids from the seabed to the surface or to transfer injection fluids, control fluids, or lift gas from the surface to the ocean floor. Flowlines lay on the seabed and transport production or injection fluids from one subsea structure to another.