Malaysia is the second largest oil and gas producer in Southeast Asia, with proven oil reserves of 3.7 billion barrels and proven natural gas reserves of 38.5 Tcf as of 2013. Its western coast runs alongside the Strait of Malacca, a significant energy corridor linking the Indian and Pacific Oceans, while the eastern part of the nation contains the states of Sabah and Sarawak. Nearly all Malaysiaâ€™s oil is produced from offshore fields. These are located on a continental shelf comprising the Malay basin in the west and the Sarawak and Sabah basins in the east. Major companies active in Malaysiaâ€™s oil and gas industry are national oil company Petronas, ExxonMobil and Shell.
Petroleum engineers handle many responsibilities, but on a basic level they are responsible for locating, recovering and maintaining the world’s oil and gas supplies. Petroleum engineers design and develop methods for extracting oil and gas from below the earth’s surface. Their duties can also include managing an oil or gas producing property once it is operational and maximizing the performance and profitability of a well. Petroleum engineers are involved in all stages of well production, from helping to locate a potential well site, through drilling, production, processing and transportation. Some job titles a petroleum engineer may carry include reservoir engineer, drilling engineer or production engineer.