Pemex Reveals Virus Death Toll
(Bloomberg) -- Of all the companies around the world affected by Covid-19, none has disclosed a worse death toll than Pemex, Mexico’s state-owned oil producer.
Petroleos Mexicanos, as it’s also known, said late Tuesday that 202 employees and five contractors have died of the disease so far. No other company has reported fatalities that come anywhere near that number, according to data reviewed by Bloomberg.
The closest comparison may be New York’s Metropolitan Transport Authority, which has lost at least 131 workers. Pemex’s toll also exceeds the 132 recorded by the entire U.S. meat and poultry industry as of July 14, which has four times the workforce and has suffered deadly outbreaks at processing plants.
Indeed, possibly the only institution with a confirmed toll higher than Pemex’s may be the U.K.’s National Health Service, which isn’t a company so much as a collection of health-care systems employing over 1 million people, many of whom have been on the front line of the battle against the virus.
It’s not clear why Pemex’s tally is so high, but social distancing is difficult on offshore oil platforms, and the company may initially have been slow to enact protective measures such as sending workers home, according to Silvia Ramos Luna, the general secretary of the National Union of Petroleum Technicians and Professionals. Many of the oil giant’s workers have pre-existing health conditions such as diabetes and hypertension, which may have contributed to the problem, she said in an interview.
A Pemex spokeswoman declined to comment on its virus data. The company previously said it has taken measures including sanitizing work spaces and evacuating some workers from offshore platforms. It has adopted stricter safety protocols, such as temperature checks and rapid diagnostic testing, that Ramos Luna’s union had requested, and the rate of deaths appears to be declining as a result, the general secretary said in an interview. Shutting platforms and refineries isn’t practical because Mexico needs the gasoline and diesel, she added.
Corporate disclosures on virus infections and fatalities are patchy at best and prevent reliable international comparisons. Pemex stands out for being unusually transparent, while most of its oil and gas peers don’t report detailed Covid-19 numbers.
But the company’s high death count raises inevitable questions about conditions for a workforce that totaled 125,735 at the end of 2019. Pemex is a major operator of offshore platforms, which typically house hundreds of employees in shared sleeping quarters and crowded dining halls. “The biggest problems have been on the platforms, for obvious reasons,” said Ramos Luna, whose organization has about 2,500 members and competes with the official Pemex union.
The deaths at Pemex are contributing to a rapidly worsening outbreak in Mexico. Data released Sunday show the country surpassed Italy in the number of Covid-19 fatalities and has the world’s fourth-highest total. As many as 683 health workers had died due to the coronavirus as of June 28, according to data from Mexico’s Ministry of Health.
Pemex’s high death toll is “not like a normal metric that you look at when you evaluate either the credit or the equity value of a company, but it’s horrible,” said Wilbur Matthews, founder of Vaquero Global Investment LP, which trades in Pemex bonds.
Even before the pandemic hit, the company was no model for health and safety. Pemex reported 10 worker deaths last year, five times as many as Petrobras, even though the Brazilian state-run oil company has half the number of employees.
At least eight patients died at a Pemex hospital after receiving contaminated heparin during hemodialysis treatments, the company said in March. Pemex operates a vast network of medical facilities including 21 hospitals that serve workers, their relatives and retirees.
It has issued Covid-19 tests for less than 1% of a population of about 750,000 people in its health-care system. There were 4,119 positive tests as of Tuesday.
Some observers have applauded Pemex for its transparency when it comes to Covid-19 data. Pemex publishes the number of coronavirus cases and deaths on a daily basis, whereas companies including U.S. and European oil majors like Exxon Mobil Corp. and Royal Dutch Shell Plc don’t.
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