Oil Up on Increasingly Bullish Backwardation Pattern
Oil prices edged higher on Monday, with Brent trading near its highest level since 2014 as the market tightened and concerns about the impact of omicron eased.
Futures in New York ended above $84 a barrel after a thin trading session due to the Martin Luther King Jr. Day holiday in the U.S., with trades only to be settled on Tuesday. Brent steadied above $86 following a fourth weekly rally as winter temperatures supported demand for heating fuels. Meanwhile, geopolitical jitters returned as Yemen’s Houthi fighters claimed to have launched drone strikes on the United Arab Emirates that caused an explosion and fire on the outskirts of the capital Abu Dhabi, leaving three people dead.
The oil market’s structure has firmed in a bullish pattern known as backwardation, with premiums on the nearest-dated contracts indicating growing supply tightness and strong demand. High prices are justified and futures could rise even further, according to trader Vitol Group, though gains were tempered on Monday by signs of slowing Chinese economic growth.
“The positive spin on price has broken into the third week of January, and the drivers behind the optimism have continuously tightened so far in 2022,” said Rystad Energy’s senior oil markets analyst Louise Dickson. “A mild omicron impact has increased oil demand expectations for the year, all while the supply picture gets tighter on lowered production in particular from OPEC+ countries.”
Oil has rallied more than 10% so far this year, in part due to outages in OPEC+ producers including Libya. The International Energy Agency said last week that global consumption has turned out to be stronger than expected, while the physical market is booming as buyers look beyond the spread of omicron.
“There is a genuine belief that physical demand will keep exceeding supply,” said Tamas Varga, an analyst at brokers PVM Oil Associates Ltd. “On the demand side, the cold winter in North America is one of the major factors. Mild omicron symptoms and hopes that the rapid rise in cases is about to abate also contributed to the strength.”
- West Texas Intermediate for February delivery was 0.6% higher at $84.30 when holiday trading halted on the New York Mercantile Exchange
- Brent for March edged up 0.4% to settle at $86.48 a barrel on the ICE Futures Europe exchange
- Brent rallied to $86.71 earlier, 4 cents shy of the highest level since October 2014.
- The prompt timespread for Brent was 71 cents in backwardation, compared with 57 cents a week earlier
The Covid-Zero policy employed by China probably will ensure that there’s no omicron outbreak big enough to significantly diminish the use of oil products there, Mike Muller, Vitol’s head of Asia, said Sunday during a webinar hosted by Dubai-based consultants Gulf Intelligence.
China’s central bank, meanwhile, cut its key interest rate for the first time in almost two years to help bolster an economy that’s lost momentum because of a property slump and repeated virus outbreaks. Official data Monday showed gross domestic product rose 4% last quarter from a year earlier, the weakest since early 2020.
(With Elizabeth Low)
What do you think? We’d love to hear from you, join the conversation on the
Rigzone Energy Network.
The Rigzone Energy Network is a new social experience created for you and all energy professionals to Speak Up about our industry, share knowledge, connect with peers and industry insiders and engage in a professional community that will empower your career in energy.