Oil Prices Higher for the Week
West Texas Intermediate (WTI) and Brent crude oil finished higher Friday, also showing week-on-week increases.
The December WTI contract gained 95 cents Friday, settling at $57.72 per barrel. The light crude marker peaked at $57.97 and bottomed out at $56.43. Compared to the Nov. 8 close, WTI is up less than one percent.
January Brent settled at $63.30 per barrel, reflecting a $1.02 gain. For the week, Brent is up 1.3 percent.
Both the WTI and Brent grades exhibited “topsy-turvy” behavior during the holiday-shortened trade week, Tom Seng, Assistant Professor of Energy Business with the University of Tulsa’s Collins College of Business, told Rigzone.
“Competing and conflicting signals kept the market on its toes as the week started out lower then rose, fell again and rallied higher today,” Seng said. “The market continues to react to statements about the progress or, a lack thereof, on a trade deal between the U.S. and China. Today’ White House Chief Economist Larry Kudlow pronounced that there are positive signs coming out of the negotiations.”
Meanwhile, Seng observed that oil market players are looking toward next month’s OPEC+ meeting where the cartel and its associates are expected to agree to maintain current output levels through 2020.
“The current quota caps expire in March, and the bigger question is whether or not Saudi Arabia will keep further cuts – seen as a move to help bolster its recent initial public offering,” he explained. “OPEC sees future demand for their oil dropping by 1.1 million barrels per day (bpd) and may seek further cuts to output to stabilize prices. However, in their 2019 World Oil Outlook, the cartel also sees declining global production, citing a slowdown in U.S. shale production as a factor, among others.”
The International Energy Agency (IEA), in its annual World Energy Outlook Report, states that – even with slowing U.S. shale oil production growth – the U.S. will still lead global production growth and affect the market share that OPEC and Russia now control, added Seng. He also pointed out that IEA continues to forecast sustained oil demand growth through the 2030s.
Seng also noted this week’s Weekly Petroleum Status report from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) showed:
- A 2.2 million-barrel increase in domestic commercial crude inventories for last week – higher than the 1.5 million-barrel increase projected by Wall Street Journal analysts and significantly greater than the 541,000-barrel build reported Tuesday by the American Petroleum Institute
- Total crude oil stored at 449 million barrels, or three percent higher than the five-year average for this time of year
- A 1.2 million-barrel dip in oil stocks at the key Cushing, Okla., storage hub, lowering the total to 46.5 million barrels (approximately 60 percent of capacity)
- A 1.2-percent increase in refinery utilization to 15.9 million bpd, or 87.8 percent of capacity
- An 18.8-percent year-on-year drop in oil imports
- U.S. oil production at 12.8 million bpd – a full 1.1 million-bpd higher than the year-ago rate
Seng added that EIA has raised its 2020 oil growth forecast from 910,000 to 1.1 million bpd. In addition, he said the WTI/Brent spread has risen to approximately the $5.55 level.
“Technically, the December WTI NYMEX futures contracts are trading right at the five- and 10-day moving averages but above the 20-day moving average,” he said. “The contract is now in an overbought position relative to overbought/oversold conditions according to momentum indicators. Today’s volume is on the decline at over 300,000 contracts as the December futures contract will expire next Wednesday, the 20th.”
Reformulated gasoline (RBOB) also edged upward during Friday’s trading. December RBOB added two cents to end the day at $1.635 per gallon. RBOB is essentially flat for the week, finishing well under one percent against the Nov. 8 settlement price.
“Gasoline prices mirrored crude this week,” said Seng. “U.. inventories of total gasoline rose to 219 million barrels, holding near the center of the five-year average for the time of year. Average U.S. retail prices were only seven cents per gallon lower than last year at $2.615 per gallon while the NYMEX futures prices are about one cent per gallon above a year ago at $1.63 per gallon.”
Also finishing the day higher was Henry Hub natural gas for December delivery, which gained four cents to close at $2.69. Natural gas is down 3.6 percent for the week.
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