Oil Patch Gets Frugal as Investors Urge Profits Over Boom
(Bloomberg) -- U.S. shale drillers are tapping on the brakes in the wake of a growing investor revolt that’s held down company values, even as they’ve scored historic production numbers.
The evidence is stacking up: The latest rig count showed the biggest one-week drop in the Permian Basin in 19 months, while Schlumberger Ltd. and Baker Hughes, the two largest oil service companies, blamed lackluster earnings on the reluctance of North American explorers to boost their spending. At the same time, a Bloomberg Intelligence index of shale explorers showed shares have plunged 22 percent so far this year.
Producers from Exxon Mobil Corp. to ConocoPhillips are expected to post improved earnings this week. That’s not so much because things are looking up, but because they’ve learned how to do more with less, boosting well output with better technology and smarter planning. Investors now want to see it translated into better returns for them.
“It’s a conversation that management teams are hearing from all of their investors," according to John Dowd, a portfolio manager at Fidelity Management & Research Co. The message: “It can’t be all about production growth," he said.
For investors, the new mantra is returns, returns, returns. They want oil explorers to focus less on funding new wells and instead boost value for shareholders, Phillips Johnston, a Capital One Securities analyst, said in a note Friday.
It’s a slogan management teams are paying attention to. Some are exploring ways to change executive pay incentives that often reward growing oil production over profitability, said Dowd, who oversees funds worth $20.5 billion, including the $1.9 billion Fidelity Select Energy Portfolio.
The change is starting to show up on the oil fields, as well. More than 30 rigs across American shale plays have been idled since mid-August, including six last week in the Permian Basin in West Texas and New Mexico. That was the biggest one-week drop in America’s busiest oil field since March 2016.
As exploration and production companies report earnings in the next few weeks, investors should “expect heavy religion around capital discipline and focus on returns, with investors trying to gauge who is genuine vs paying lip service,” Johnston wrote.
For a story on how the offshore drilling industry is also suffering, click here.
A rise in oil prices should also help producers show shareholders they can profit more while spending less. The West Texas Intermediate crude benchmark averaged 7.3 percent more in the third-quarter than over the same period last year. That will probably be enough to offset lost output in the Gulf of Mexico and Eagle Ford shale in South Texas during Hurricane Harvey.
Skeptics remain, however. Hedge fund manager Jim Chanos, who’s shorting shale driller Continental Resources Inc., said independent explorers have been a bad deal for shareholders because they rely on quickly depleting assets.
“Because the wells deplete so quickly, they constantly need to raise money to replace the assets,” he said in an interview last month. And Moody’s Investors Service, in a study of 37 drillers in the U.S. and Canada, found it will take oil consistently above $50 a barrel for their investments to pay off in the long run.
Baker Hughes and Schlumberger both saw their shares fall on Friday after they reported earnings. Lorenzo Simonelli, the Baker Hughes chairman and CEO, said in a statement that his company saw no meaningful increase in driller spending in the third quarter.
“We have seen some improvement in activity but we have not seen meaningful increases in customer capital commitments,” Simonelli said. “Our customers remain cautious.”
View Full Article
WHAT DO YOU THINK?
Generated by readers, the comments included herein do not reflect the views and opinions of Rigzone. All comments are subject to editorial review. Off-topic, inappropriate or insulting comments will be removed.