Oil Keeps Going Up on Demand Optimism

Oil Keeps Going Up on Demand Optimism
Oil kept rising after closing at an eight-month high on increasing optimism that recent Covid-19 vaccine breakthroughs will lead to a swift recovery in global energy demand next year.

(Bloomberg) -- Oil kept rising after closing at an eight-month high on increasing optimism that recent Covid-19 vaccine breakthroughs will lead to a swift recovery in global energy demand next year.

Futures in New York climbed around 1% to trade above $45 a barrel as a broader financial markets rally continued. Global benchmark Brent crude could reach $60 a barrel by the summer of 2021 as the easing of travel restrictions boosts demand for fossil fuels, according to Bank of America Corp.

In another positive sign for consumption, Premier Li Keqiang said China, the world’s biggest oil importer, will likely return to a more “proper” range of economic development in 2021. China and Japan also agreed to restart some two-way travel by the end of November. Crude surged 4.3% on Tuesday after the triggering of a formal transition process to U.S. President-elect Joe Biden.

Oil’s value has increased by more than a quarter this month amid positive results for three Covid-19 vaccines. It’s reclaimed heights not seen since the pandemic devastated global demand in March even as a resurgent virus prompted more lockdown measures. Expectations that OPEC and its allies will delay an increase in production planned for January have also aided the rally.

The investor mood has been lifted by the developments around vaccines and the likely extension of the OPEC+ output cuts, said Daniel Hynes, a senior commodity strategist at Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd. “The market is fairly well-priced and should continue gains in the coming days.”


  • West Texas Intermediate for January delivery rose 0.7% to $45.24 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange as of 7:44 a.m. in London
    • It closed at $44.91 Tuesday, the highest since March 5
  • Brent advanced 1% to $48.32 on the ICE Futures Europe exchange after closing up 3.9% on Tuesday
  • Crude futures climbed 3% to 289.8 yuan per barrel on the Shanghai International Energy Exchange after advancing 5% on Tuesday

Goldman Sachs Group Inc. said in a note that it expects OPEC+ to delay its planned 2 million barrel a day output ramp-up by three months. It forecast Brent would average $47 a barrel next quarter if this happens.

The optimism is reshaping oil’s forward curves. Brent’s prompt timespread and the so-called WTI red spread -- which measures futures for December of next year to December 2022 -- have both flipped to backwardation this week, a bullish signal that suggests the market may be moving into deficit.

Chinese and Indian refiners have issued a flurry of tenders seeking oil, adding more froth to the market. Rongsheng Petro Chemical Co. is seeking spot crude supplies for delivery to Zhoushan and is also looking for term supplies for next year, while Indian Oil Corp. is seeking Middle Eastern and West African oil for December and January loading.

The American Petroleum Institute, meanwhile, reported crude inventories swelled by 3.8 million barrels, according to people familiar with the data. That would be the third straight week of rising stockpiles if confirmed by government figures due later on Wednesday. Inventories probably rose by 225,000 barrels last week, according to the median estimate in a Bloomberg survey before the official Energy Information Administration data.

Other oil-market news:

  • Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said past negotiations with the U.S. over sanctions had been a failure because they didn’t ensure lasting relief, in his first public comments on talks as Joe Biden’s incoming administration is expected to reengage with Tehran.
  • Nigeria’s efforts to revamp its aging refineries may be bogged down due to a lack of resources, but Africa’s top oil producer is moving ahead with mini-plants in an effort to help end its dependency on fuel imports.
  • Seven tankers loaded with about 4.5 million barrels of Libyan crude and condensate are anchored off Malta, as the North African oil producer boosts output and exports more quickly than buyers expected.

© 2020 Bloomberg L.P.


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