Oil Falls to Lowest Level in Six Months

Oil settled at the lowest in more than six months as traders weighed the prospects for increasing Iranian crude exports with a worsening outlook for global economic growth.

West Texas Intermediate futures dropped 3.2% to close below $87 a barrel in another volatile, thinly traded summer session. Talks between Iran and European Union negotiators signaled progress toward a renewed nuclear deal that could open the door to crude shipments from the Islamic Republic.

The US benchmark already had weakened amid bearish US economic data that included a rapidly cooling manufacturing sector. That followed lower-than-expected Chinese numbers. Closely watched prompt and futures spreads are signaling dwindling concerns about tight oil supplies. 

“The potential for a deal is being priced in which creates two-way risk for the oil price if a final announcement does come this week,” said Craig Erlam, senior market analyst at Oanda. “But the primary driver of the weakness, which could keep prices around $90 or lower, is the threat of recession around the world and the Chinese lockdowns.”

The removal or modification of sanctions on Iran could unleash an additional 1.3 million barrels of daily oil supplies, ING Bank head of commodities strategy Warren Patterson said in an emailed note.  

Abating worries about tight supplies are being reflected throughout the so-called forward curve. While the market is backwardated -- a bullish pattern marked by near-term prices commanding a premium over later-dated ones -- the gap has narrowed significantly.

Prices:

  • WTI for September delivery fell 3.2% to $86.53 in New York
  • Brent for October settlement slid 2.9% to $92.34

The spead between Brent’s December 2022 and December 2023 contracts shrank by 8 cents Tuesday to $6.92 a barrel, the lowest since February. Meanwhile Brent’s prompt spread settled 60 cents in backwardation, compared with $2.08 at the start the month.

(with assistance from Yongchang Chin and Archie Hunter)



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