Russia's Sakhalin 2 Project to Go Ahead
The other shareholders in Sakhalin Energy are Mitsui Sakhalin Holdings BV (parent company: Mitsui and Co Ltd) 25 percent and Diamond Gas Sakhalin BV (parent company: Mitsubishi Corporation) 20 percent.
The joint venture formally declared its positive investment decision following unanimous approval of its development proposal by its shareholders and the project's Supervisory Board, consisting of representatives of the company and the Russian Federation.
The Sakhalin II development represents the largest single foreign direct investment project in Russia, requiring an investment of approximately $10 billion. Phase 1 of the project has been successfully producing oil from the Vityaz Complex since July 1999, exporting over 10 million barrels of oil in 2002. Today's decision to commit to Phase 2 underpins what is thought to be the biggest single integrated oil and gas project ever undertaken. It also includes the construction of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant with a capacity of 9.6 million tons per annum (mtpa). This plant will use Shell's proven Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) technology and reinforce Shell's position as the world's leader in the LNG business.
Sakhalin II Phase 2 involves the further development of the Piltun-Astokhskoye field - an oil reservoir with associated gas - and the development of the Lunskoye field - a gas reservoir with associated condensate.
Key features of the project include:
- World-scale reserves
The two fields comprise world-class reserves of approximately 1.2 billion barrels (160 million tons) of crude oil and 500 billion cubic meters (17 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas.
- World's largest integrated oil and gas development
The project includes two new offshore platforms, a gas condensate processing plant in the North of Sakhalin Island and two 850 km pipelines. The centerpiece of the project is a state-of-the-art LNG plant, comprising two trains each of 4.8 mtpa, located close to an oil and LNG export terminal in the ice-free south of the island. The first LNG cargo is planned for the second half of 2007. Year round oil production is expected in 2006.
- Gas sales
The project is ideally placed to provide a new source of LNG for traditional buyers in Japan, Korea, Taiwan, China and the west coast of North and Central America. Sakhalin Energy has already signed an agreement with Tokyo Gas for the supply of 1.1 mtpa of LNG over 24 years and is in advance negotiations with other Japanese customers to commit the remaining volumes for the first LNG train.
- Construction contracts
Contracts for the Phase 2 construction and service work will be awarded in the coming weeks, including in the region of $4 billion of contracts to be awarded to Russian contractors. The project includes approximately $300 million of upgrades to Sakhalin's infrastructure - roads, bridges, airports, railways and ports. The final approval stages of the design and construction documentation (TEO-C), including a substantial environmental impact assessment, are progressing in line with plans to obtain construction approvals in the next few months.
Benefits for Russia
Phase 2 of the project is expected to generate value of more than $45 billion for the Russian state. Sakhalin Energy expects 70% of the project to be "Russian Content" - Russian businesses, materials and contracts - over the project's life. It is estimated that the project will generate110,000 man-years of employment for Russian nationals during the project life.
All figures quoted are 100% project basis.