Wood Mackenzie: Russia-China Gas Deal Opens Up 'New Europe' for Gazprom
Wood Mackenzie reported Thursday that following almost two decades of negotiation, Russia and China have agreed a deal to supply 1.34 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) or 38 billion cubic meters (Bcm) per annum of gas from Gazprom's East Siberian fields into China via the Power of Siberia pipeline. Details on pricing and the timing of first deliveries for this landmark deal are not clear but first gas is expected through the Power of Siberia in 2020.
Stephen O’Rourke, Global Gas research analyst for Wood Mackenzie says; “The agreement not only establishes a new gas production center in East Siberia for Gazprom but provides the company with pipe export growth and market diversity away from its legacy European customers. With European gas demand growth uncertain and the Ukraine crisis leading to calls for Europe to reduce its reliance on Russian gas, Gazprom now needs a ‘new Europe’- enter China.”
“The comparisons with the development of Gazprom’s export business into Europe are clear, with almost identical population sizes between North East China and Western Europe. Gazprom’s exports to Western Europe first reached 1.34 Tcf (38 Bcm) by the mid-1980s and have since increased to over 5.3 Tcf (150 Bcm) into the whole of Europe. We anticipate overall gas demand from China over the next two decades will grow more rapidly than that witnessed in Europe from the mid-1980s,” Gavin Thompson, head of Asia Gas Research for Wood Mackenzie adds.
Wood Mackenzie’s analysis highlights the following implications of the deal for all parties involved:
China's Gas Market Requires Russian Supply
- North East China is gas-short and needs Russian supply to balance long-term demand and supply
- Eight provinces in North East China will receive East Siberian gas. This area has a population of around 360 million (roughly equal to that of Western Europe); experiences extremely cold winters; and suffers from a shortage of indigenous gas supply options
- By 2025 Wood Mackenzie estimates total gas demand from these eight provinces will reach 4.41 Tcf (125 Bcm). Power of Siberia gas will meet over a quarter of regional gas demand by this time
- Without East Siberian gas, alternative supplies would have to be sourced requiring significant additional infrastructure and cost. It would also deprive eastern coastal markets of supply, forcing an increased reliance on imported LNG
Russia and China's Energy Trade
- The Russia-China pipeline agreement proves that Gazprom can grow piped gas exports significantly without relying on its traditional European markets
- From the perspective of international relations level, this deal also signals a deepening of energy ties between Russia and China. They now cooperate across a range of different commodities and have established a broad base for further increases in trade in oil, gas, LNG, coal and electricity
Opportunities for Gazprom
- The Power of Siberia pipeline will enable Gazprom to pursue additional export projects, also aimed at Asian buyers: volumes from the Kovyktinskoye field could also supply gas to the proposed Vladivostok LNG project
- The possibility of third-party indirect access to the Power of Siberia could provide Gazprom with additional volumes from independent Russian producers while Gazprom's giant gas fields are ramping-up
- This could signal further gas sales of Russian gas to China, from Gazprom and other Russian companies
Challenges Remain in Upstream Development
- The Chayandinskoye field development will be difficult with complex geology (relative to West Siberia) and helium-rich gas
- The overall cost for the Chayandinskoye upstream development, Power of Siberia pipeline and processing costs could exceed $40 billion. This makes it one of the largest oil and gas investment decisions of the year globally
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