African LNG Projects To Look Out For

African LNG Projects To Look Out For
As global investors flock to the MSGBC basin, enriched by recent mega-gas discoveries, the top capital expenditure projects to follow range from works by global energy majors.

As global investors flock to the MSGBC basin, enriched by recent mega-gas discoveries, the top capital expenditure projects to follow range from works by global energy majors.

With the energy transition a hot topic off the back of COP 26 and in the lead-up to COP 27, LNG has risen to the fore on account of its 25 percent lower carbon emissions when compared to traditional heavy fuel oil emissions.

Thus, as new world-class LNG megadevelopments open across the MSGBC region, there are several key capital expenditure projects to watch.

Greater Tortue Ahmeyim

The Greater Tortue Ahmeyim (GTA) project targets 15 trillion cubic feet of gas reserves stretching across the Senegal-Mauritania border – a feat of policy and regulatory design thanks to both countries' respective governments that have made it possible, as well as logistical engineering. Having been delayed by a year due to the pandemic, GTA is now on track to start production by late 2023.

Development of the GTA reserve, discovered in July 2019, has been planned in three stages, the first of these pegged to produce 2.5 million tons of LNG per annum. The project is operated by BP with a 60 percent stake, Kosmos Energy with 30 percent, and national oil companies Petrosen and SMHPM taking a 10 percent share.

Yakaar-Teranga

Yakaar-Teranga is in many ways a product of GTA’s success, targeting 20 tcf of gas in Senegal. The field is situated in the Cayer Profond block discovered in 2017, with the final investment decision will be made by the end of this year and production tentatively slated to start in 2024. Its development will be carried out in two phases, the first establishing a steady 150 million cubic feet per day of natural gas extraction and the second building export facilities and local petrochemical processing plants.

Birallah

Regional neighbor to GTA and mirroring Yakaar-Teranga’s reserves across the border, Mauritania’s BirAllah field holds 13 tcf of natural gas. Discovered using the Valaris DS-12 drillship in 2019, BirAllah was labeled the largest deepwater gas discovery of that year with the Orca-1 zone in Block C8 rivaling Senegal’s Yakaar-Teranga for monetization prospects.

Banda

The Banda LNG Project follows from the signing of a non-binding memorandum of understanding between American megafirm New Fortress Energy and the Mauritanian government late last year, under the development of a national energy hub. Under this document, the Ministry of Petroleum, Mines, and Energy has set a goal of securing gas supplies from the Banda field by 2024 by permitting New Fortress to deploy its leading Fast LNG technology.

The purpose of this deployment is for New Fortress to convert the country’s natural gas into LNG to supply local markets via Mauritania’s 180 MW Somolec power plant and a new 120 MW plant.

The Banda field holds an estimated 1.2 tcf of gas, providing an abundant reserve for New Fortress’ facility which achieved FID in March last year, targeting production of 1.4 mtpa with the potential to be operational in 20 months.

Karmol

GAS Entec has recently announced a world first with the completion of outfitting for a pioneering modular LNG Floating Storage Regasification Unit for Karmol – a joint venture between Turkey’s Karpowership and Japan’s Mitsui OSK Lines. Once the vessel arrives in Senegal’s capital city of Dakar, it will be connected to Karpowership’s 236 MW floating power plant, in turn linking directly to Senegal’s grid. The move will serve as the country’s first LNG power supply and meet close to 15 percent of total demand.

Guinea LNG Project

Guinea’s $300 million LNG project currently targets the development of a large-scale LNG Receiving Terminal, as opposed to any production of its own. Nevertheless, the new terminal, located near the Port of Kamsar in Guinea’s Boke region, has the potential to drive significant regional demand for the product which can be used to supply domestic mining operations and other facilities.

To contact the author, email bojan.lepic@rigzone.com


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