The southern region of Asia's continent comprises the countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka and houses a substantial portion of the world's population. Because Southern Asia is the most densely populated geographical region in the world, the oil and natural gas industry serves as a significant generator of income, and is vital to powering the region's newly industrialized and developing cities, including such major metropolises as Mumbai and Delhi in India, the most populous democracy in the world. An economic rebirth in Southeast Asia within the last decade has spurred new investment in the oil and natural gas sectors.
Supply chain management encompasses demand and supply planning, suppliers, inventory, warehouse and logistics management. It covers all processes related to raw materials and associated information from sourcing to end users. There are various certification exams developed for supply chain professionals, namely APIC's certification (Certified Supply Chain Professional or CSCP), ISCEA'S certification (Certified Supply Chain Manager or CSCM), and the CISCM certificate (Chartered Supply Chain Management Professional or CSCMP).