With the onslaught of an increasingly thriving economy, India is fast becoming a dominant global energy consumer. However, the South Asian country lacks the majority of the natural resources needed and therefore heavily relies on oil imports to meet its rising demand. As of January 2009, India contained 5.6 billion barrels of proven oil reserves, the second-largest amount in the Asia-Pacific region following China, and with vast amounts primarily located offshore. Additionally, India's proven natural gas reserves totaled 38 Tcf as of January 2009. Major domestic producers include state-owned ONGC and Reliance Industries.
Mechanical engineering is a discipline that deals with the design, analysis, manufacturing, installation, operation and maintenance of engines, machinery and tools. It involves the application of principles such as materials science, physics, thermodynamics and more. In an industry such as oil and gas, mechanical engineering can work with a wide variety of machines, tools and mechanical systems.