With the onslaught of an increasingly thriving economy, India is fast becoming a dominant global energy consumer. However, the South Asian country lacks the majority of the natural resources needed and therefore heavily relies on oil imports to meet its rising demand. As of January 2009, India contained 5.6 billion barrels of proven oil reserves, the second-largest amount in the Asia-Pacific region following China, and with vast amounts primarily located offshore. Additionally, India's proven natural gas reserves totaled 38 Tcf as of January 2009. Major domestic producers include state-owned ONGC and Reliance Industries.
Human Resources (HR) encompasses all functions pertaining to managing people within an organization through policies, systems, and strategic objectives. Recruitment, training, development, compensation, benefits, and employee relations are all functions typically managed by an HR department. HR also plays a major role in overseeing company culture, ensuring legal compliance, and aligning the human resources strategy with that of the business to minimize costs and reduce risk.