With the onslaught of an increasingly thriving economy, India is fast becoming a dominant global energy consumer. However, the South Asian country lacks the majority of the natural resources needed and therefore heavily relies on oil imports to meet its rising demand. As of January 2009, India contained 5.6 billion barrels of proven oil reserves, the second-largest amount in the Asia-Pacific region following China, and with vast amounts primarily located offshore. Additionally, India's proven natural gas reserves totaled 38 Tcf as of January 2009. Major domestic producers include state-owned ONGC and Reliance Industries.
Electrical engineering deals with the study, design, development and testing of electronics and electrical equipment. Engineers in this field can specialize in several sub-disciplines such as power, controls, electronics, instrumentation, communications and more. It is a broad field that spans the industry and requires in-depth knowledge of electronic theory, mathematics, CAD systems, reading schematics and circuit layout.