The southern region of Asia's continent comprises the countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka and houses a substantial portion of the world's population. Because Southern Asia is the most densely populated geographical region in the world, the oil and natural gas industry serves as a significant generator of income, and is vital to powering the region's newly industrialized and developing cities, including such major metropolises as Mumbai and Delhi in India, the most populous democracy in the world. An economic rebirth in Southeast Asia within the last decade has spurred new investment in the oil and natural gas sectors.
Design engineers focus on applying the engineering design process, whereby they develop new or improved products or processes. They are required for projects that are onshore and offshore, upstream and downstream, and can specialize in multiple engineering disciplines including electrical, chemical, mechanical, civil and structural. Design engineers typically complete technical plans using computer-aided design (CAD) software, conduct testing by collecting and analyzing data, and complete regular progress reports for project managers.