Ciudad de Buenos Aires
One particular region that has continued to drill deeper to hit the hydrocarbon jackpot is located in the world's southern hemisphere and features unconventional conditions for recovering hydrocarbons. Specifically, Brazil's energy giant Petrobras is taking the reins for unlocking vast amounts of oil and gas below layers of salt, rock and sand, and several of the most memorable finds are located in extreme water depths in the country's subsalt basins. Operator of the Orinoco heavy oil belt, Venezuela's state-controlled PDVSA also reigns as a primary player in South America's energy sector. As a region, South America boasts some of the largest oil-and-gas discoveries ever made and is estimated to contain billions in recoverable hydrocarbon reserves.
Geoscientist is a general term used to describe the individuals responsible for locating, evaluating and developing oil and gas reservoirs. Geoscience professionals use technology and applied science to maximize the recovery of oil and gas. They are present at all phases of the reservoir life cycle, from exploration, through drilling, production and eventually abandonment. They will measure and map seismic, magnetic, and other earth forces that affect the earth, as well as study and interpret data that is useful in locating oil and gas reservoirs. Geochemists, geologists, geophysicists, as well as geoscience technicians all fall into this category.