Rio de Janeiro-BRA, Brazil
One particular region that has continued to drill deeper to hit the hydrocarbon jackpot is located in the world's southern hemisphere and features unconventional conditions for recovering hydrocarbons. Specifically, Brazil's energy giant Petrobras is taking the reins for unlocking vast amounts of oil and gas below layers of salt, rock and sand, and several of the most memorable finds are located in extreme water depths in the country's subsalt basins. Operator of the Orinoco heavy oil belt, Venezuela's state-controlled PDVSA also reigns as a primary player in South America's energy sector. As a region, South America boasts some of the largest oil-and-gas discoveries ever made and is estimated to contain billions in recoverable hydrocarbon reserves.
Geologists apply their knowledge of the earth and its structures to help find and extract oil and gas. Although geologists are usually tied to the location of deposits, they are involved in all aspects of discovery and production. Geologists look at structure and sediment, as well as interpret other geophysical information to help make decisions on where to drill. They must understand the origin, amount and movement of oil as well as any obstacles that may be in the way of deposits before drilling can begin. Geologists will help find deposits all over the world including on land and under the ocean. A strong geoscience background is required for these types of positions.