Rio de Janeiro-BRA, Brazil
One of the brightest offshore frontiers in the world, Brazil is quickly catapulting itself into the top tier of global oil producers with recent pre-salt discoveries dotting the Santos and Campos Basins. The South American sweet spot retains the largest proven oil reserves only after Venezuela. Pegged as the Western Hemisphere's 3rd largest energy consumer, Brazil has proven oil and natural gas reserves of 12.6 billion barrels and 12.9 Tcf, respectively, as of 2009. Brazil plans to cede rights to explore and produce some 5 billion barrels of oil in the promising subsalt region to its state-run oil giant Petrobras.
Geologists apply their knowledge of the earth and its structures to help find and extract oil and gas. Although geologists are usually tied to the location of deposits, they are involved in all aspects of discovery and production. Geologists look at structure and sediment, as well as interpret other geophysical information to help make decisions on where to drill. They must understand the origin, amount and movement of oil as well as any obstacles that may be in the way of deposits before drilling can begin. Geologists will help find deposits all over the world including on land and under the ocean. A strong geoscience background is required for these types of positions.