As home to supermajors, as well as a plethora of smaller, independent energy players, the US boasts one of the largest concentrations of energy personnel in the world. With its insatiable appetite for energy resources, the United States is the world's single largest consumer of oil, using as much as 20.73 million barrels per day as of 2008. Recently, interest has peaked in the vast quantity of untapped natural gas resources in the US, the reserves of which were inventoried in 2008 at 238 Tcf, with producers specifically targeting the nation's promising shale formations for this energy commodity.
Supply and Distribution covers the movement of refined products from the refinery or petrochemical plant to terminals or distribution channels. Refined products are usually transported by pipelines, tankers, or tank trucks to final consumers. Effective supply and distribution management maximises the plant’s production capacity to meet market demands at the lowest cost.