As home to supermajors, as well as a plethora of smaller, independent energy players, the US boasts one of the largest concentrations of energy personnel in the world. With its insatiable appetite for energy resources, the United States is the world's single largest consumer of oil, using as much as 20.73 million barrels per day as of 2008. Recently, interest has peaked in the vast quantity of untapped natural gas resources in the US, the reserves of which were inventoried in 2008 at 238 Tcf, with producers specifically targeting the nation's promising shale formations for this energy commodity.
Fabrication is the process of cutting, bending and assembling to build metal structures such as platform jackets and topside modules. There are many different methods used in fabrication including sawing, shearing, chiselling, hammering, riveting, welding and binding. There is also some overlap between fabrication and other metal work disciplines such as machinists, millwrights and boilermakers.