Spanning Canada and the United States, North America is home to a plethora of major industry players, including Exxon Mobil Corp, the world's second-largest publicly traded company after Royal Dutch Shell. The region's oil and natural gas industry is focused on developing oil sands, deepwater gulf prospects and increasingly profitable shale deposits stretching across the continent. One of the premier sweet spots for deepwater exploration, the Gulf of Mexico is the largest body of water indenting the U.S. continental coastline, and its subsea developments continue to spark both national and international interest.
Supply chain management encompasses demand and supply planning, suppliers, inventory, warehouse and logistics management. It covers all processes related to raw materials and associated information from sourcing to end users. There are various certification exams developed for supply chain professionals, namely APIC's certification (Certified Supply Chain Professional or CSCP), ISCEA'S certification (Certified Supply Chain Manager or CSCM), and the CISCM certificate (Chartered Supply Chain Management Professional or CSCMP).