Spanning Canada and the United States, North America is home to a plethora of major industry players, including Exxon Mobil Corp, the world's second-largest publicly traded company after Royal Dutch Shell. The region's oil and natural gas industry is focused on developing oil sands, deepwater gulf prospects and increasingly profitable shale deposits stretching across the continent. One of the premier sweet spots for deepwater exploration, the Gulf of Mexico is the largest body of water indenting the U.S. continental coastline, and its subsea developments continue to spark both national and international interest.
The Chief Mate, or Chief Officer, is a licenced crew member that is second in command of the vessel. The Chief Mate or Officer reports directly to the Captain and is responsible for the Deck Department and Cargo along with commanding all of the crew in those departments. The Chief Mate or Officer holds the same rank as First Mate or Officer and a crew will usually only have one or the other. Below Chief/First Mate or Officer will be Second Mate/Officer, Third Mate Officer, and so on depending on the size of the vessel.