Spanning Canada and the United States, North America is home to a plethora of major industry players, including Exxon Mobil Corp, the world's second-largest publicly traded company after Royal Dutch Shell. The region's oil and natural gas industry is focused on developing oil sands, deepwater gulf prospects and increasingly profitable shale deposits stretching across the continent. One of the premier sweet spots for deepwater exploration, the Gulf of Mexico is the largest body of water indenting the U.S. continental coastline, and its subsea developments continue to spark both national and international interest.
Mining is the process of extracting valuable minerals including coal and precious metals from the earth. Minerals such as these are generally found in orebodies, lodes, veins, reefs or seams and are extracted by digging or laying explosives. Materials found from mining can’t be reproduced or created artificially and so are non-renewable resources.