Spanning Canada and the United States, North America is home to a plethora of major industry players, including Exxon Mobil Corp, the world's second-largest publicly traded company after Royal Dutch Shell. The region's oil and natural gas industry is focused on developing oil sands, deepwater gulf prospects and increasingly profitable shale deposits stretching across the continent. One of the premier sweet spots for deepwater exploration, the Gulf of Mexico is the largest body of water indenting the U.S. continental coastline, and its subsea developments continue to spark both national and international interest.
Civil engineering is the discipline dealing with the design, construction, and maintenance, typically of public works such as roads, bridges, canals and buildings. Civil engineers can be involved in nearly every stage of a construction project – from site selection, writing specifications for materials, reviewing bids, and supervising construction. They aim to design and build structures that meet requirements for safety, reliability, cost, and energy efficiency.