Spanning Canada and the United States, North America is home to a plethora of major industry players, including Exxon Mobil Corp, the world's second-largest publicly traded company after Royal Dutch Shell. The region's oil and natural gas industry is focused on developing oil sands, deepwater gulf prospects and increasingly profitable shale deposits stretching across the continent. One of the premier sweet spots for deepwater exploration, the Gulf of Mexico is the largest body of water indenting the U.S. continental coastline, and its subsea developments continue to spark both national and international interest.
Chemists specialize in the composition, structure, properties and reactions of substances. Chemistry can be found throughout the industry, whether it is developing drilling fluid to pump down the wellbore or developing catalysts for use in refining. Chemists may analyze data in an office environment, perform experiments in laboratories, or review processes in the field.