Spanning Canada and the United States, North America is home to a plethora of major industry players, including Exxon Mobil Corp, the world's second-largest publicly traded company after Royal Dutch Shell. The region's oil and natural gas industry is focused on developing oil sands, deepwater gulf prospects and increasingly profitable shale deposits stretching across the continent. One of the premier sweet spots for deepwater exploration, the Gulf of Mexico is the largest body of water indenting the U.S. continental coastline, and its subsea developments continue to spark both national and international interest.
Chemical engineers apply the principles of chemistry to help convert raw materials into useful products. They deal with the design, construction, maintenance and operation of plants and equipment to carry out these procedures. In the oil and gas industry, chemical engineers work to help refine crude oil into useable products such as gasoline and lubricants, and they are also heavily involved in chemical plants and manufacturing operations. Some positions that would require a chemical engineer include process engineer, corrosion engineer and petrochemical engineer, among others.