Boasting 178 billion barrels of proven oil reserves and close to 58 Tcf of proven natural gas reserves as of 2009, Canada is the world's largest reserve holder after Saudi Arabia and the top supplier of U.S. energy imports. Canada is also home to the world's most expansive oil sands deposits, the development of which extracts and processes a heavy, tar-like crude bitumen that comprises the bulk of the country's reserves. Canada's oil and natural gas sector is privatized, with industry regulation occurring at the provincial level.
An ROV, or Remotely Operated Vehicle, is an underwater robot that is controlled from the surface by remote control and tethered to a vessel by an umbilical cable. ROVs can be used for a variety of different tasks, from observation to repair work and trenching, in areas difficult for humans to reach. Different vehicle types are used depending on the use. An ROV Pilot is the person responsible for controlling the vehicle’s movements using a camera attached to the ROV to see what they are doing.