Boasting 178 billion barrels of proven oil reserves and close to 58 Tcf of proven natural gas reserves as of 2009, Canada is the world's largest reserve holder after Saudi Arabia and the top supplier of U.S. energy imports. Canada is also home to the world's most expansive oil sands deposits, the development of which extracts and processes a heavy, tar-like crude bitumen that comprises the bulk of the country's reserves. Canada's oil and natural gas sector is privatized, with industry regulation occurring at the provincial level.
Projects have numerous activities that need to be planned and scheduled properly so that they may be completed on time. Planning identifies what activities are required whilst scheduling determines the sequence of these activities. Planners and Schedulers manage work priorities, schedules, work orders and plan revisions once there are design changes, unavailability of materials or services and other project disruptions. They typically use project controls and project management software to manage these functions.