Boasting 178 billion barrels of proven oil reserves and close to 58 Tcf of proven natural gas reserves as of 2009, Canada is the world's largest reserve holder after Saudi Arabia and the top supplier of U.S. energy imports. Canada is also home to the world's most expansive oil sands deposits, the development of which extracts and processes a heavy, tar-like crude bitumen that comprises the bulk of the country's reserves. Canada's oil and natural gas sector is privatized, with industry regulation occurring at the provincial level.
Maintenance engineers apply engineering concepts in order to achieve better maintainability and reliability of machinery and equipment in the most efficient ways possible. They will use statistics, probability and logistics to solve problems, as well as use lean six sigma principles in order to optimize the maintenance process. Maintenance engineers have a number of responsibilities including conducting periodic inspections, performing system upgrades and changes, troubleshooting equipment issues and determining when repair and replacements need to take place. Maintenance engineers generally have a bachelor’s degree in engineering or applied science, and can be found in almost every aspect of the oil and gas industry.