Boasting 178 billion barrels of proven oil reserves and close to 58 Tcf of proven natural gas reserves as of 2009, Canada is the world's largest reserve holder after Saudi Arabia and the top supplier of U.S. energy imports. Canada is also home to the world's most expansive oil sands deposits, the development of which extracts and processes a heavy, tar-like crude bitumen that comprises the bulk of the country's reserves. Canada's oil and natural gas sector is privatized, with industry regulation occurring at the provincial level.
Facilities engineers oversee the design and construction of various production and utility systems in a given facility, ranging from offshore platforms to onshore plants. They assist with designing the layout and systems including everything from power sources, climate control, water and lighting to more specialized systems such as those processing chemicals or environmental controls. Many facilities engineers are also involved with the ongoing operations of this equipment, suggesting maintenance schedules and consulting on future renovations and construction.