Boasting 178 billion barrels of proven oil reserves and close to 58 Tcf of proven natural gas reserves as of 2009, Canada is the world's largest reserve holder after Saudi Arabia and the top supplier of U.S. energy imports. Canada is also home to the world's most expansive oil sands deposits, the development of which extracts and processes a heavy, tar-like crude bitumen that comprises the bulk of the country's reserves. Canada's oil and natural gas sector is privatized, with industry regulation occurring at the provincial level.
Corrosion engineering is a discipline of engineering intended to prevent deterioration and damage to assets due to the chemical process known as corrosion. A corrosion engineer’s main focus is to study, monitor, control and prevent the corrosion process, both safely and economically. In the oil and gas industry, corrosion engineers are especially valuable because almost all oil and gas products must pass through steel at some point, whether it be during drilling, transporting through a pipeline, or in a refinery setting. Corrosion engineers use a combination of skills but typically have a chemical, material science, or metallurgical background.