Harvesting an abundance of oil and natural gas resources, the Middle East supplies nearly half of all exports to the global oil market. Middle Eastern countries Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are all members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which pumps roughly 40% of the world's oil, with Saudi Arabia leading the pack for the greatest amount of output. OPEC's crude oil production was 28.7 million barrels per day in the first half of 2009.
Supply and Distribution covers the movement of refined products from the refinery or petrochemical plant to terminals or distribution channels. Refined products are usually transported by pipelines, tankers, or tank trucks to final consumers. Effective supply and distribution management maximises the plant’s production capacity to meet market demands at the lowest cost.