Harvesting an abundance of oil and natural gas resources, the Middle East supplies nearly half of all exports to the global oil market. Middle Eastern countries Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are all members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which pumps roughly 40% of the world's oil, with Saudi Arabia leading the pack for the greatest amount of output. OPEC's crude oil production was 28.7 million barrels per day in the first half of 2009.
Ships Engineers are licenced and skilled crew members responsible for the engine department on board a vessel, which is headed by the Chief Engineer. In some jurisdictions, the Chief Engineer has equal ranking to the Captain and overall responsibility of the vessel is shared, with the Captain managing the deck operations and the Chief Engineer managing the engine room and maintenance.