Harvesting an abundance of oil and natural gas resources, the Middle East supplies nearly half of all exports to the global oil market. Middle Eastern countries Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are all members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which pumps roughly 40% of the world's oil, with Saudi Arabia leading the pack for the greatest amount of output. OPEC's crude oil production was 28.7 million barrels per day in the first half of 2009.
Mining is the process of extracting valuable minerals including coal and precious metals from the earth. Minerals such as these are generally found in orebodies, lodes, veins, reefs or seams and are extracted by digging or laying explosives. Materials found from mining can’t be reproduced or created artificially and so are non-renewable resources.