Bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south, Iraq to the north and the Persian Gulf to the east, Kuwait is driven by its burgeoning oil sector, the exports of which generate more than half of the Middle Eastern country's total export earnings. In 2007, Kuwait supplied more than 2.6 million barrels of oil per day to the world market, making the relatively small country a central player in the petroleum industry. Kuwait contains proven oil reserves of roughly 102 billion barrels and proven natural gas reserves of 63 Tcf. The Supreme Petroleum Council dictates Kuwait's oil policies, while the Kuwait Petroleum Council manages both domestic and foreign investments in the oil sector.
Well control is the process of maintaining the correct pressure in an oil well to avoid an unexpected release of oil or gas. During drilling, the formation pressure (gas, water or oil) opposes the drilling fluid pressure. If the formation pressure is greater than the drilling fluid pressure, there is the possibility of a blowout. Well control professionals are responsible for calculating pressures and making sure that a blowout does not occur.