Bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south, Iraq to the north and the Persian Gulf to the east, Kuwait is driven by its burgeoning oil sector, the exports of which generate more than half of the Middle Eastern country's total export earnings. In 2007, Kuwait supplied more than 2.6 million barrels of oil per day to the world market, making the relatively small country a central player in the petroleum industry. Kuwait contains proven oil reserves of roughly 102 billion barrels and proven natural gas reserves of 63 Tcf. The Supreme Petroleum Council dictates Kuwait's oil policies, while the Kuwait Petroleum Council manages both domestic and foreign investments in the oil sector.
Geophysicists play an important role in the oil and gas industry as they help find underground oil and gas deposits by creating a clear picture of what is below the earth’s surface. Using physical methods (seismic, gravitational, magnetic, electric) they measure the physical properties of subsurface earth to detect or infer the presence of oil or gas. The most common way to create a clear picture of the earth's subsurface is through the seismic method whereby shock waves that are set off at the surface resonate through the earth, and the returning echo can be used to tell what is beneath the surface. Geophysicists are usually classified into three categories: acquisition, processing and interpretation. A strong geoscience, physics, or mathematics background is necessary for a career in geophysics.