Harvesting an abundance of oil and natural gas resources, the Middle East supplies nearly half of all exports to the global oil market. Middle Eastern countries Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are all members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which pumps roughly 40% of the world's oil, with Saudi Arabia leading the pack for the greatest amount of output. OPEC's crude oil production was 28.7 million barrels per day in the first half of 2009.
Human Resources (HR) encompasses all functions pertaining to managing people within an organization through policies, systems, and strategic objectives. Recruitment, training, development, compensation, benefits, and employee relations are all functions typically managed by an HR department. HR also plays a major role in overseeing company culture, ensuring legal compliance, and aligning the human resources strategy with that of the business to minimize costs and reduce risk.