Harvesting an abundance of oil and natural gas resources, the Middle East supplies nearly half of all exports to the global oil market. Middle Eastern countries Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are all members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which pumps roughly 40% of the world's oil, with Saudi Arabia leading the pack for the greatest amount of output. OPEC's crude oil production was 28.7 million barrels per day in the first half of 2009.
Fabrication is the process of cutting, bending and assembling to build metal structures such as platform jackets and topside modules. There are many different methods used in fabrication including sawing, shearing, chiselling, hammering, riveting, welding and binding. There is also some overlap between fabrication and other metal work disciplines such as machinists, millwrights and boilermakers.