Harvesting an abundance of oil and natural gas resources, the Middle East supplies nearly half of all exports to the global oil market. Middle Eastern countries Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are all members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which pumps roughly 40% of the world's oil, with Saudi Arabia leading the pack for the greatest amount of output. OPEC's crude oil production was 28.7 million barrels per day in the first half of 2009.
Engineering managers bring together their administrative, planning and organizational abilities along with their knowledge of engineering principles to manage an engineering function. They are required to apply both business practice and engineering principles to oversee technical projects from conception to completion. The combination of technological and business knowledge required in engineering management are important for effective and efficient operations and overall project success.