Harvesting an abundance of oil and natural gas resources, the Middle East supplies nearly half of all exports to the global oil market. Middle Eastern countries Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are all members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which pumps roughly 40% of the world's oil, with Saudi Arabia leading the pack for the greatest amount of output. OPEC's crude oil production was 28.7 million barrels per day in the first half of 2009.
Corrosion engineering is a discipline of engineering intended to prevent deterioration and damage to assets due to the chemical process known as corrosion. A corrosion engineer’s main focus is to study, monitor, control and prevent the corrosion process, both safely and economically. In the oil and gas industry, corrosion engineers are especially valuable because almost all oil and gas products must pass through steel at some point, whether it be during drilling, transporting through a pipeline, or in a refinery setting. Corrosion engineers use a combination of skills but typically have a chemical, material science, or metallurgical background.