Harvesting an abundance of oil and natural gas resources, the Middle East supplies nearly half of all exports to the global oil market. Middle Eastern countries Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are all members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which pumps roughly 40% of the world's oil, with Saudi Arabia leading the pack for the greatest amount of output. OPEC's crude oil production was 28.7 million barrels per day in the first half of 2009.
Cementing a well is the procedure of developing and pumping cement into the wellbore. It is part of the process of preparing a well for further drilling, production or abandonment. Cementing can be used to permanently shut off water penetration into the well, to seal the annulus after a casing string is run, to seal a lost circulation zone, or to plug an existing well.