Singapore, the premier shipping center in Southeast Asia, was ranked the world's second busiest port in terms of shipping tonnage in 2013. The island-state, with its strategic location in the region, is a significant oil refining and trading hub. It has also become a natural gas player in the region following the start-up of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal on Jurong Island in 2013. Although Singapore produces no oil and gas, companies based in the country are actively engaged in providing services in support of regional exploration and production activities. Many oilfield service and subsea companies have operations in Singapore, which is home to major offshore and marine firms such as Keppel Corp. and Sembcorp Marine.
Process engineers are found in almost all industrial plants, and they are responsible for the design, operation, control and optimization of chemical processes. They examine how raw materials are converted into useable productions and how to improve the process. Process engineers in the oil and gas industry are usually focused on the downstream portion including chemical plants and refineries, however their knowledge can be useful in manufacturing plants as well as in upstream and midstream operations. Due to the extensive knowledge of chemical processes that these positions require, process engineers usually hold chemical engineering degrees.