Abundant energy resources are available in East and South East Asia. Major energy producing countries in the region include China, Malaysia and former OPEC member Indonesia, while Myanmar may potentially join the producing group following the end of military rule and the opening of the nation's petroleum sector to more foreign investments. Brunei, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam have an estimated 31.4 billion barrels of proven oil reserves and 309.5 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves as of 2013.
Port Operations involves controlling the safe navigation of vessels in and out of the port, including allocating a suitable berth and applying any necessary restrictions. The person in charge of a port will usually be the Harbour Master. Since a seaport, or harbour, straddles land and sea both maritime law and the law of the land apply to ports and is the responsibility of the Harbour Master to ensure that both are adhered to.