Malaysia is the second largest oil and gas producer in Southeast Asia, with proven oil reserves of 3.7 billion barrels and proven natural gas reserves of 38.5 Tcf as of 2013. Its western coast runs alongside the Strait of Malacca, a significant energy corridor linking the Indian and Pacific Oceans, while the eastern part of the nation contains the states of Sabah and Sarawak. Nearly all Malaysiaâ€™s oil is produced from offshore fields. These are located on a continental shelf comprising the Malay basin in the west and the Sarawak and Sabah basins in the east. Major companies active in Malaysiaâ€™s oil and gas industry are national oil company Petronas, ExxonMobil and Shell.
A reservoir engineer is concerned with underground oil and gas reserves, specifically finding the most efficient way to extract their resources. The reservoir engineer can work through all phases of a well’s lifespan, from helping petroleum geologists find well sites, through field development, planning, forecasting, testing and drilling. Their duties are varied and can include simulation and surveillance of the well, production forecasting, and development planning. Reservoir engineers are especially concerned with determining the economic viability of a well, finding out how much the well can produce, and making sure that the well is cost effective. They are also responsible for reporting reserve numbers to regulatory agencies. Reservoir engineers are usually petroleum engineers, however occasionally chemical or mechanical engineers can be trained for this position.