Abundant energy resources are available in East and South East Asia. Major energy producing countries in the region include China, Malaysia and former OPEC member Indonesia, while Myanmar may potentially join the producing group following the end of military rule and the opening of the nation's petroleum sector to more foreign investments. Brunei, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam have an estimated 31.4 billion barrels of proven oil reserves and 309.5 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves as of 2013.
Geotechnical engineering is a sub-set of civil engineering that is focused on the behavior of earth materials. Geotechnical engineers use soil and rock mechanics to find out more information about subsurface conditions, materials, and formations. In the oil and gas industry, geotechnical engineers use their expertise to analyze and examine the earth formations during the early stages of planning for construction projects. These projects could include drilling apparatuses, structural foundations, mining operations, and offshore oil platforms. Geological and geomechanical engineers are typically classified as geotechnical engineers.