The westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Black Sea to the southeast, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The economic and political association of 27 European member states, the European Union (EU) has developed a single market through which a standardized system of laws apply, and under this union, sixteen member states have adopted the euro as its common currency. In 2006, the EU had a gross inland energy consumption of 1,825 million tonnes of oil equivalent, with nuclear energy as the primary source of energy produced in the region. Currently, the EU imports around 82% of its oil and 57% of its natural gas resources.
In general, process control refers to maintaining the output of a specific process within a desired range. Process control also enables automation, which allows a smaller staff to control a large operation. In the oilfield, many operations are run by process controls including valves, mud pumps, vessels and instruments. Testing and monitoring of systems can also be automated. Jobs in this field vary from engineers responsible for designing and programming equipment, to technicians responsible for maintenance and monitoring of control systems.